Author: Anjali Thakur


According to Fritsch system of classification, Vaucheria is placed in Chlorophyceae. Fritsch system of classification:                   Class – Chlorophyceae                  Order – Siphonales                  Family – Vaucheriaceae                  Genus – Vaucheria According to Smith, Vaucheria is placed under Xanthophyceae. Smith system of classification: Class – Xanthophyceae Order – Heterosiphonales Family – Vaucheriaceae Genus –Vaucheria which […]

Xanthophyceae (Yellow Green Algae)

General characteristics of Xanthophyceae Members of Xanthophyceae are commonly fresh water (Tribonema) and most of them are free floating. Plant body is unicellular (Heterochloris) or multicellular. The multicellular bodies also exhibit various forms like: Palmelloid (Chlorogloea), dendroid (Mischococcus), coccoid (Chlorobotrys), rhizopodial (Stipitococcus). Cells are eukaryotic with silica and pectin in cell wall. Chief pigment are […]


Systematic position Class- Phaeophyceae Order- Ectocarpales Family- Ectocarpaceae Genus – Ectocarpus Occurrence Plant body is cosmopolitan in distribution mainly in colder areas of temperate and polar region and along Atlantic coast About 16 species are reported in India. Majority of species are lithophytes (attached on rocks.) Some are marine algae few are fresh water forms. […]


Plant body is colonial, motile, non-motile, unbranched, filamentous immobile, multicellular and highly differentiated both externally and internally. It is characterised by the presence of golden brown xanthophylls pigment fucoxanthin which gives olive green color. Pigments lie in chromatophores. The reserve food is laminarin and mannitol. Laminarin is present in maximum quantity. The growth of plant […]

Order : Ectocarpales

Important Characteristics Plant body is branched, heterotrichous and filamentous and some are psedoparenchymatous. Plant body elongates by intercalary growth. In filamentous form the cells are arranged uniseriatly. Each cell contains chloroplast with pyrenoids. Reproduction take place both asexually and sexually.  Asexual reproduction take place by plurilocular sporangia. Sexual reproduction take place by isogamy and anisogamy, […]

General Characteristics of Chlorophyceae (Green Algae)

Grass green chromatophores. Presence of starch as reserve food Members of green algae mostly green in fresh water, a few in brackish and saline water and few are terrestrial. They show wide  range of variations in  their thallus structure like unicellular motile (Chlamydomonas), Coenobium(Volvox), palmelloid (Tetrospora), non motile (Chlorella), Dendroid (Ecballocystis), filamentous branched (Cladophora) and unbranched (Spirogyra), heterotrichous (Coleochaete), siphonaceous […]

Order: Volvocales

General characteristics of Volvocales Plant body is unbranched filamentous, but in ulvaceae it is parenchymatous or foliaceous. Cell are uninucleate and contain chloroplast of different types like C shaped,  axial or parital etc. These are  found in fresh water. e. g. Ulothrix some are grown in brackish water marine water and also on soil. Plant […]

Volvox (Rolling Alga)

Systematic position Class  Chlorophyceae Order Volvocales Sub order Chlamydomonadineae Family Sphaerellaceae Genus    Volvox Occurrence It includes about 20 species. All are aquatic and free floating. Mostly occur in fresh water bodies It occurs as green rolling ball of pin head sized coenobia. Vegetative structure Volvox is a colonial green alga and the colonies are oval to […]

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