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The rearing of silk worm for commercial purpose is called Sericulture. It is SILK FARMING.

  • Silk Moth belongs to
  • Family: Bombycidae
  • Order: Lepidoptera

 LIFE CYCLE OF SILK MOTH

  • The life cycle is complete and consist of 4 stages
    • Egg
    • Larva
    • Pupa
    • Adult.
  • The eggs hatch to form larvae.
  • The larvae of silk moth are called caterpillars or silkworms.
  • The larva (or caterpillar) of a silk moth which produces silk is called silkworm.
  • A cocoon is the silk casing that caterpillar spins around it before it turns into a pupa.
  • The Adult form of silk worm is called Silk Moth.
LIFE CYCLE OF SILK MOTH

TYPES OF SILK

  • Silk are of main 2 types:
  • MULBERRY SILK
  • NON-MULBERRY SILK

MULBERRY SILK

  • Also known as Cultivated Silk.
  • It is made by Moth Larvae that feed on Mulberry leaves.
  • These are of 2 types
    • Univoltine Moth
    • Multivoltine Moth

UNIVOLTINE MOTH

  • One crop of silk in a year is produced by Univoltine moths.
  • For hatching, the eggs require Low temperature.
  • The Cocoons have firm close consistency.
  • The silk is reared in Jammu & Kashmir due to the hatching condition of the egg and also the temperature.

MULTIVOLTINE MOTHS

  • Give upto 8 crops per year.
  • Eggs do not require exposure to cold for hatching.
  • The cocoons contain small amount of Silk.

NON MULBERRY SILK

  • These are obtained from oak feeding larvae of silk moth.
  • Example: Tussar Silk

MULBERRY SPECIALLY GROWN FOR SILKWORM IS CALLED MORICULTURE

Smriti Kanchan

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