Sternberg Information Processing Approach:- Sternberg model suggests that development is skills-based and continuous. Sternberg model is not different for children and adults. In his theory intelligence is comprised of three kinds of information processing components: knowledge acquisition, meta components and performance components.
- Knowledge Acquisition:-Knowledge Acquisition is acquiring or gathering knowledge to understand things in a better way. The new information is acquired by the person and then he stored it in a brain so that he can recall the information in future.
- Meta component: – Meta component refers to a higher level of thinking. After acquiring knowledge the level of thinking increases day by day which helps in planning for future goals. Meta components help organize the knowledge acquisition and performance components. In this meta components decide what to do as per their knowledge and then perform accordingly by the performance components.
- Performance Component:- After planning, actions come into existence by performance component. In this, strategies assembled by the meta components are performed in the actual scenario.
For Example: – When a child learns a new subject or topic he tries to memorize everything and during exam he recalls that information and answers the questions accordingly.
In Sternberg’s model these three components work together to providing learning and cognitive development. This is the part of Sternberg Triarchic Theory of Intelligence.